Selected References on Constriction in Snakes

Cundall, David. (1987). Functional morphology. In Snakes: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: 106-140. Seigel, R. A., Collins, J. T. & Novak, S. S. (Eds). New York, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Cundall, David & Greene, Harry. W. (1982). Evolution of the feeding apparatus in alethinophidian snakes. American Zoologist 22: 924.

de Queiroz, Alan. (1984). Effects of prey type on the prey-handling behavior of the bullsnake, Pituophis melanoleucus. Journal of Herpetology 18: 333-336.

Greene, Harry. W. (1983). Dietary correlates of the origin and radiation of snakes. American Zoologist 23: 431-441.

Greene, Harry. W. (1994). Homology and behavioral repertoires. In Homology: The Hierarchical Basis of Comparative Biology: 369-391. Hall, B. K. (Ed). San Diego, California: Academic Press.

Greene, Harry W. & Burghardt, Gordon. M. (1978). Behavior and phylogeny: constriction in ancient and modern snakes. Science 200: 74-77.

Greenwald, O. E. (1974). Thermal dependence of striking and prey capture by gopher snakes. Copeia 1974: 141-148.

Greenwald, O. E. (1978). Kinematics and time relations of prey capture by gopher snakes. Copeia 1978: 263-268.

Hardy, David L. (1994). A re-evaluation of suffocation as the cause of death during constriction by snakes. Herpetological Review 229: 45-47.

Loop, M. S. & Bailey, L. G. (1972). The effect of relative prey size on the ingestion behavior of rodent-eating snakes. Psychon. Sci. 28: 167-169.

McLees, Frank. (1928). Killing by constriction. Bulletin of the Antivenin Institute of America 1: 105.

Moon, Brad R. 2000. The mechanics and muscular control of constriction in gopher snakes (Pituophis melanoleucus) and a king snake (Lampropeltis getula). Journal of Zoology, London 252(1):83-98. Abstract (use the "Back" button in your browser to return here). Full text (Acrobat pdf file, 242k)

Mori, Akira. (1991). Effects of prey size and type on prey-handling behavior in Elaphe quadrivirgata. Journal of Herpetology 25: 160-166.

Rochelle, M. J. & Kardong, Kenneth. V. (1993). Constriction versus envenomation in prey capture by the brown tree snake, Bioga irregularis (Squamata: Colubridae). Herpetologica 49: 301-304.

Ruben, John A. (1977). Morphological correlates of predatory modes in the coachwhip (Masticophis flagellum) and rosy boa (Lichanura roseofusca). Herpetologica 33: 1-6.

Shine, Richard & Schwaner, Terry. (1985). Prey constriction by venomous snakes: a review and new data on Australian species. Copeia 1985: 1067-1071.

Willard, D. E. (1977). Constricting methods of snakes. Copeia 1977: 379-382.

Back to constriction page
Main page
Prospective students